You can see this in the accompanying image where the Heading and Body sub-layers have been hidden because their parent layer, named Text, has been hidden, though their icons have not changed. Inkscape Logo Design Tutorials (43-video play list): Click here to display the list. Download Inkscape 0. Let's go over some of the best Inkscape tutorials and. 15-Oct-2019 : Trebuchet Plans Inkscape Tutorials German. Think of mesh editing as the real power-user/technical way to. Something as seemingly simple as cropping in Inkscape can baffle beginners and pros alike. Unfortunately, Inkscape uses 90 ppi and CorelDraw uses 96 ppi. org ) This is advanced level tutorial: you need to know what is Inkscape, how to create and manipulate objects, paths, fill and stroke. Inkscape & Snap. No matter how advanced or novice of an Inkscape user you may be, the basics are absolutely essential. Inkscape is highly acclaimed vector art software, and it is completely free and open source. The following is a brief overview of how we'll go about creating this design, for those of you who may be more advanced users and would like to save some time. Inkscape is a free and open source design software focused on vector illustration. 27-Oct-2019 : Making Scroll Saw Patterns With Inkscape Tutorial. Verdict: It’s suitable for anyone who wants to get an overview about Inkscape. Inkscape Forum Talk Freely Learn Beginners Start Here: Start Inkscape application Help menu > Tutorials > Basic Help menu > Tutorials > Shapes Help menu > Tutorials > Advanced. Inkscape website. Inkscape is an open source vector graphics editor with similar features to Illustrator, Freehand, CorelDraw or Xara X, but this is free. The font can be downloaded here: 8 Bit Wonder. Hence everything that you draw in Inkscape comes out about 6% too small in CorelDraw. Featured topics: Bezier Tool, Node editing, Group and Rotate. So in order to show you how endless the possibilities are, we present you with 99 of the best advanced Photoshop tutorials from around. 25-Oct-2019 : Trebuchet Plans Inkscape Download Tutorial. Advanced rotation in Inkscape by John LeMasney via lemasney. Open Inkscape. Inkscape Lesson 7. Let’s go over how to crop in this quick tutorial. Inkscape Tutorials from Beginner to Advanced Inkscape Tutorial: Country Cutie A very simple tutorial for Inkscape, showing how to make a country prim style ill. Inkscape is a great free alternative to Illustrator and Corel Draw. Japanese and Norwegian are under translation. 92 and is intended to teach beginners how to use the software. Let's go over some of the best Inkscape tutorials and courses to get caught up on everything you need to know. Speriamo che ti sia divertito. Using Advanced Groups To Avoid Combining Paths On. This instructable provide. 6-Oct-2019 : Trebuchet Plans Inkscape Tutorials Imagens. rFactor 2 community member Sven Hielscher aka FuNK! has created a wonderfully composed tutorial for those interested in skinning cars using free software GIMP and Inkscape. With coverage of versions 0. Start My Free Month. Tutorials for beginners or advanced learners. Use Ctrl + arrows , mouse wheel , or middle button drag to scroll the page down. Making a Circle-Shaped Image How to create a circular-shaped image. More than just a text vector editor, Inkscape provides a WYSIWYG interface for manipulation of vector images, allowing the artist to express himself freely. Cette section est une introduction très basique aux possibilités de création de texte avec Inkscape. Ive got InkScape installed and working, but when i try to get InkCut working, its not. Inkscape has some great tools for making advanced shapes that would take forever to make in Blender itself. C is a powerful systems programming language. Cependant, il convient aussi assez bien pour la création de petits textes comme des titres, bannières, logos, étiquettes et légendes de diagrammes, etc. This section is great for getting started in vector art in general and Inkscape in particular. A team of 20+ design experts has done in-depth research to come up with this list of Best Inkscape Courses, Classes, Tutorial for Beginners and experts. This tutorial shows how to create a cute Japanese style Kokeshi doll. Inkscape (only available at school) Inkscape Quick Introduction Inkscape Basics Inkscape Shapes Inkscape Advanced Inkscape Calligraphy Inkscape “Baddies” Face Tutorial Inkscape Textbook. The tutorials are available in English, German , Spanish and French. As of March 2012, Facebook completely changed the design of these pages and moved to a cover image for the Timeline. @ Lifetime Access How To Make Scroll Saw Patterns With Inkscape Tutorial For Beginners And Advanced From Experts | Lifetime Access Free Download PDF DIY Woodworking Plans. Sign in to like videos, comment, and subscribe. Are You Using the Twitter Logo Wrong? Aaron Nieze | July 21, 2015. Create clipart. Por favor visite www. Ask a Font Creator: Fitting Text into a Shape in Inkscape Posted on 11th May 2017 I’ve heard that some of you want more Inkscape tutorials, so here’s another one!. Download this SVG file, and open it with Inkscape. And there is a step by step instruction Step One. Here is a tutorial to create a vector design in a street art / graffiti style. Generally speaking icons are required in different formats so that makes SVG an excellent format as it is a scalable graphics format. Im a total noob at cutting, so im still learning the ins and outs. @ Made Easy Trebuchet Plans Inkscape Tutorial For Beginners For Beginners And Advanced From Experts | Step By Step Free Download PDF Should you learn woodworking?. Inkscape is a great program to use when working with vector graphics. If you are new to vector drawing with Inkscape you may want to read this article first: Line Art. I have a Mac and everything else seems to work fine. Video #4a - How to Use Inkscape Tools to Create a Simple Image - Inkscape Tutorial: We originally created this tutorial showing people how to create a Facebook Avatar for their business page. It’s free and open source. CNC Tutorial: Image to Vector: When making a project with your CNC machine, you may want to embellish your project with a fun image. Filters in Inkscape. The Final Result (Hover and click to scroll). Once you are satisfied with what you have done, submit it. Inkscape is an open source vector graphics editor with similar features to Illustrator, Freehand, CorelDraw or Xara X, but this is free. Inkscape: Guide to a Vector Drawing Program (4th Edition) (SourceForge Community Press) [Tavmjong Bah] on Amazon. It works with Inkscape 0. This technique can theoretically work on a font with rounded edges, but it’ll be a little more tricky and should only be approached by advanced users. Hey Derek Do you have any good Inkscape recommended tutorials that will help me learn to use Inkscape quickly and easily. Upload them to the Commons. If you've followed along with my previous Inkscape tutorials, I think you're ready. Inkscape Advanced; by - 0. I tried to go a 'non-artist' approach with the tutorials and explain vector art as 'building images rather than hand-drawing them'. Inkscape tutorial: Vectorizar. Check out the top tutorials & courses and pick the one as per your learning style: video-based, book, free, paid, for beginners, advanced, etc. But as I said before some things are open for improvement. ) into a element for an SVG drawing. Tutorial ini hanya menunjukkan sebagian kecil dari seluruh kemampuan Inkscape. To Work around this, convert the image into a rectangle with pattern fill. Here's the first tutorial 'Let's get started with circles'. 1 Tank Tutorial 723. In this course, we'll be getting into some of the more advanced tools, menus, and methods for vector design. Lesson 1 of 16, a Tuts+ course on Advanced Techniques in Inkscape taught by Aaron Nieze. It was a long tutorial but great, and by the end I had my first character. Hey Derek Do you have any good Inkscape recommended tutorials that will help me learn to use Inkscape quickly and easily. Non aver timore di sperimentare e condividere ciò che crei. Watch Queue Queue. This tutorial is the webpage version of the "Advanced" tutorial that comes bundled with inkscape. Speaking as someone who has to run Inkscape under the XQuartz windowing system on a Mac, I'd have to say the on screen response is not good at all. Installing Inkscape. As my bandwidth has increased substantially for the next year I've been able to go through Video tutorials and have learned so much. Animating a More Advanced Icon with Snap. In this tutorial we have learned the effective design of Interlocked Monogram. Here it is tutorial Create a Dragon Sketch To Vector Art with Inkscape and the results are as shown below. Inkscape Logo Design Tutorials (43-video play list): Click here to display the list. If you have questions or suggestions, please leave a comment or write me a personal message. This section is a very basic introduiction into Inkscape's text capabilities. This will install Inkscape to your Mac. Speriamo che ti sia divertito. For this tutorial we have used Inkscape for the conversion of the PDF to DXF, QGIS to extract some information of the DXF, Python and Geopandas on a Jupyter Lab session for spatial translation and scaling. It starts from the very basics, so in this instalment I cover drawing circles, arcs and segments and enough other basics to enable you to draw a simple snowman - however, given the tropical weather we're having in the UK at the. Create a document containing screen shots for the following. Check out the top tutorials & courses and pick the one as per your learning style: video-based, book, free, paid, for beginners, advanced, etc. Learn how to use Inkscape, from beginner basics to advanced techniques, with online video tutorials taught by industry experts. Project Management. I tried to go a 'non-artist' approach with the tutorials and explain vector art as 'building images rather than hand-drawing them'. How to achieve sharp offset in Inkscape This tutorial is for Inkcape (free vector program www. This Inkscape tutorial demonstrates how to make an image of a penguin. This tutorial does not go into much detail on each of the steps, is more of a demonstration of the workflow the artist used to create the design. org ) This is advanced level tutorial: you need to know what is Inkscape, how to create and manipulate objects, paths, fill and stroke. Rank: 9 out of 11 tutorials/courses. There are a few programs we use here at J Tech Photonics, Inc. This tutorial aims to explain the internals of SVG and is packed with technical details. In today's video tutorial I'll demonstrating how you can create line art style typography — that can also be made into a logo — using Inkscape. Thank you all for viewing and providing feedback. Well worth a look for intermediate and advanced Inkscape users. Maintainer: [email protected] For this tutorial we have used Inkscape for the conversion of the PDF to DXF, QGIS to extract some information of the DXF, Python and Geopandas on a Jupyter Lab session for spatial translation and scaling. Cette section est une introduction très basique aux possibilités de création de texte avec Inkscape. You’ve only got to look at Inkscape’s website to see some of the stunning results that some more advanced users can achieve with this application. Inkscape Beginner Tutorials (55-video play list): Click here to display the list. This is the Inkscape Test. This means you can shrink or enlarge the graphic to the required size without losing any quality. The Final Result. Creating Isometric Letters. If textext was installed well, Tex Text menu item is on the Inkscape Input statements are the same with Wiki. This one may be better suited for intermediate to advanced users, but this lesson offers an exercise in using raster images to create vector textures in order to create some pretty cool looking customized text. Sign in to like videos, comment, and subscribe. The tutorial is based on text and photos, it's not a video tutorial. Inkscape Drawing; by - 0. Learn how to use Inkscape, from beginner basics to advanced techniques, with online video tutorials taught by industry experts. org ) This is advanced level tutorial: you need to know what is Inkscape, how to create and manipulate objects, paths, fill and stroke. svg to Read More. Generally speaking icons are required in different formats so that makes SVG an excellent format as it is a scalable graphics format. Since I have a macbook pro and a separate monitor, I have two screens now side by side so I want to put the tutorial on one screen, while I work with Inkscape. The main window may look a bit daunting, but we'll tell about all the tools you need to create this vector illustration. Inkscape can create and edit complex vector graphics and save them in a variety of formats. 1 Tank Tutorial 723. The ParaView Tutorial is an introductory and comprehensive tutorial. This tutorial does not go into much detail on each of the steps, is more of a demonstration of the workflow the artist used to create the design. Il gère des fichiers conformes avec les standards XML, SVG et CSS du W3C. After receiving a lot of requests to cover those early steps in a video tutorial, I finally sat down and made a video. The way covered here is simple, easy, and fast. Inkscape Tutorials Blog “We feature over 170 different Inkscape tutorials for all levels of Inkscape user — from beginner to advanced. This tutorial aims to explain the internals of SVG and is packed with technical details. Yeah, that's the rank of Inkscape Intermediate/Advanced Tutorials amongst all Inkscape tutorials recommended by the design community. A free download link is provided by the editing staff, along with a Inkscape review. Por favor acesse www. Make a shape just like picture below with bezier. But we'll be getting into some more in-depth manipulation of points and curves. I assume little Inkscape knowledge, and the tutorial should be easy to follow for a beginning Inkscape artist. Just Just Just Just amazing I cant even express how helpfull this tutorials are for me. Get it here. Currently, Nick Saporito is probably the most popular author of Inkscape video tutorials, with over 150 Inkscape clips on YouTube. I'm Nick and I've been a freelance graphic designer since 2011, primarily using open source software like Linux, Inkscape. See more ideas about Cricut, Cricut tutorials and Scan and cut. Get it here. Same instructors. The Final Result. Inkscape version 0. 7-Oct-2019 : How To Make Scroll Saw Patterns With Inkscape Tutorial. Inkscape is highly acclaimed vector art software, and it is completely free and open source. Unfortunately, Inkscape uses 90 ppi and CorelDraw uses 96 ppi. rar Tutorial: How to rip videos and subs from. 17-Oct-2019 : Trebuchet Plans Inkscape Tutorial For Beginners. It's a professional vector graphics editor for Windows, Mac OS X and Linux. Designs done on Inkscape can be exported in different formats, and the software can be used on Windows, Mac, and Linux. Inkscape on the Internet. So here are all German tutorial translations reviewed, updated and completed (We must now be at 100% for German in inkscape-docs :) - yay!) Maren To post a comment you must log in. Even if you don't find a tutorial, you could make an image up by yourself, and teach yourself about Inkscape as you go. svg experience, I highly recommend reading the Snap. I'd suggest Help menu > Tutorials > Basic, Shapes, and Advanced. Let's go over some of the best Inkscape tutorials and. On /r/inkscape share and find tips, tutorials, discuss Inkscape, seek help, and show off your Inkscape creations. Il gère des fichiers conformes avec les standards XML, SVG et CSS du W3C. In this article, I will explain how to make an ubuntu logo by your own hands. The full course is available at: https://tutsplus. Verdict: It’s suitable for anyone who wants to get an overview about Inkscape. Yeah, that's the rank of Inkscape Intermediate/Advanced Tutorials amongst all Inkscape tutorials recommended by the design community. Suitable for beginners, intermediate. Last update: Sat Apr 30 20:02:39 GMT 2005) の訳文である。 この文書は、[nouse: "Inkscape tutorial:Basic" 訳文] (2007年7月18日[水]) で翻訳した、"Inkscape tutorial:Basic" (Converted from DocBook source by tutorial-html. Click OK in this window, which appears the first time Inkscape is opened. Official site of Inkscape. Inkscape tutorial: Vectorizar. ) and great care is taken in designing a streamlined interface. Japanese and Norwegian are under translation. Also check out the page about Tiling in the Inkscape Guide. The following is a brief overview of how we'll go about creating this design, for those of you who may be more advanced users and would like to save some time. Stick figures are of course the beginning of any artistic venture into humanity so I found a wonderful tutorial and got to work. Body Basics. Anyone know of any installation instructions for InkCut for Windows 7?. This banner text can have markup. There's much more than that to Inkscape, but with the techniques described here, you will already be able to create simple yet useful graphics. pot template. Another good introduction to SVG is provided by the W3C's SVG Primer. Project Management Content Management System (CMS) Task Management Project Portfolio Management Time Tracking PDF. The steps of this tutorial show two quite different sample designs, but I’m not inviting you to follow them exactly (unless you just want to learn the tech- niques). Japanese and Norwegian are under translation. 25-Oct-2019 : Trebuchet Plans Inkscape Download Tutorial. Nevertheless, the very first ones are still popular. How to achieve some simple effects in Inkscape. This tutorial does not go into much detail on each of the steps, is more of a demonstration of the workflow the artist used to create the design. Back to School: 28 Easy Inkscape Tutorials No matter how advanced or novice of an Inkscape user you may be, the basics are absolutely essential. Made Easy Free Download PDF Free plans Expert advice on woodworking and furniture making, with thousands of how-to videos, and project plans designed to take your craft to the next level. Get it here. values match in your fill color". There's plenty of tools and methods to become overwhelming, so these are the tutorials. In today's tutorial I'll be demonstrating how you can use Inkscape to design a shield logo with a banner wrapping around it. Tutorial ini hanya menunjukkan sebagian kecil dari seluruh kemampuan Inkscape. Im a total noob at cutting, so im still learning the ins and outs. No advanced knowledge or skills are prerequisite. Learning Inkscape? Check out these best online Inkscape courses and tutorials recommended by the design community. It is advised that you go through the Basic & Advanced tutorials first so that you will be familiar with the terms used in this tutorial. How to Crop in Inkscape. During the trial period you’ll be able to try out all options and pick the license you enjoy. 15-Oct-2019 : Trebuchet Plans Inkscape Tutorials German. Easy Inkscape Drawing Tutorial: Learn how to draw with the amazing free open-source vector drawing program - Kindle edition by Stephen Bucaro. August 2017; May 2017; February 2017; September 2013; Categories. You may also find yourself wanting to combine or merge multiple layers into just one. Advanced rotation in Inkscape by John LeMasney via lemasney. This tutorial covers the usage of the clip and mask functions in inkscape, as well as how to create, apply and edit patterns to fills and strokes. rar Tutorial: How to rip videos and subs from. Official site of Inkscape. Now, let’s get started with Inkscape – Zero To Heron. Here we will show you two removal ways and you can employ either of them to fully uninstall Inkscape. This blog is a collection of step-by-step and video tutorials on creating game art. Use Ctrl + arrows , mouse wheel , or middle button drag to scroll the page down. The tutorials are available in English, German , Spanish and French. Esperamos que lo haya divertido. ) And the Advanced tutorial is the one that briefly tells you about creating and editing paths. Inkscape Logo Design Tutorials (43-video play list): Click here to display the list. Inkscape Drawing; by - 0. Inkscape supports many advanced SVG features and great care is taken in designing a streamlined interface. About: The tutorials are based on the free vector design tool Inkscape. This tutorial is for Inkscape version 0. As some people are having problems with this, I present a small tutorial, as I believe I have found both an explanation and a solution. Hi, I want to use a photo as an image for engraving into wood. Click OK in this window, which appears the first time Inkscape is opened. This is a good tutorial for beginners. Inkscape tutorial: Advanced This tutorial covers copy/paste, node editing, freehand and bezier drawing, path manipulation, booleans, offsets, simplification, and text tool. See more ideas about Cricut, Cricut tutorials and Scan and cut. This technique can theoretically work on a font with rounded edges, but it’ll be a little more tricky and should only be approached by advanced users. Enjoy! (Get PDF Version here). This is the first tutorial about how to create and integrates new signs in JSesh using the great Inkscape software. Ubuntu has unique yet simple logo design. com aspires to publish all content under a Creative Commons license but may not be able to do so in all cases. This tutorial is for Inkscape version 0. Rank: 9 out of 11 tutorials/courses. Use Ctrl + arrows , mouse wheel , or middle button drag to scroll the page down. @ Step By Step Trebuchet Plans Inkscape Tutorials For Beginners For Beginners And Advanced From Experts | Step By Step Free Download PDF 150 Premium Woodworking Videos. In this article, I will explain how to make an ubuntu logo by your own hands. If you’ve been using it wrong this whole time, it’s actually against Twitter’s branding policies. Inkscape's tutorial sources are in Docbook XML format, with illustrations in SVG. We have also tried to show the spatial relationship between the letters forming the monogram. About: The tutorials are based on the free vector design tool Inkscape. Trebuchet Plans Inkscape Tutorial PDF are designed with a durable composite body. Here’s a copy of the image I used for the background in case you’d like to use it yourself…. svg, I highly recommend checking out the beginner tutorial, because this is going to get a bit tricky. Por favor visite www. Many orders ship the following day. The tutorials are available in English, German , Spanish and French. If something isn't already documented in a tutorial, write up a description of how to use it. org para mais informações, as versões mais recentes, e para obter ajuda da comunidade de usuários e desenvolvedores. @ Lifetime Access How To Make Scroll Saw Patterns With Inkscape Tutorial For Beginners And Advanced From Experts | Lifetime Access Free Download PDF DIY Woodworking Plans. App Inkscape Secrets for Beginners: Inkscape book with youtube. Also, share your tips and tricks, and demo new ways of using Inkscape for cool stuff. 9375" (90 pixels/96 ppi) as it loads it. Enjoy! (Get PDF Version here). Download Inkscape 0. We will use Inkscape because it is free, and it is very easy to learn. @ Step By Step Trebuchet Plans Inkscape Tutorials For Beginners For Beginners And Advanced From Experts | Step By Step Free Download PDF 150 Premium Woodworking Videos. Upload them to the Commons. Vector is a two dimensional platform game that can be summed up as a perfect mix of Canalt and Mirrors edge, perfectly adapted for touch screens. You are responsible for ensuring that you have the necessary permission to reuse any work on this site. Best Trebuchet Plans Inkscape Tutorials German Free Download DIY PDF. This instructable provide. In this tutorial we have learned the effective design of Interlocked Monogram. This tutorial covers the usage of the clip and mask functions in inkscape, as well as how to create, apply and edit patterns to fills and strokes. That's because "line" is a bit of a nebulous term, at least in Inkscapealthough in some ways it can be confusing in any vector graphics program. Even though the plans provided in them are more suited to the needs of professional and advanced woodworkers, the suggestions and guidance offered can even make the most ignorant person successfully complete any How To Make Scroll Saw Patterns With Inkscape Tutorial woodwork projects. Linux: Go into the terminal. Cricut + Inkscape Tutorial // How to Make an Offset in Inkscape Around Words - Duration: 17:16. Make 1x1 square first (r), then duplicate it 13 times (ctrl+d). Much more than documents. If textext was installed well, Tex Text menu item is on the Inkscape Input statements are the same with Wiki. txt) or read online for free. svg experience, I highly recommend reading the Snap. This section is great for getting started in vector art in general and Inkscape in particular. Do you have 2 versions of Inkscape installed? I also have 0. Enough talk, just fire up your linux box and start your lovely inkscape program, then. Questo tutorial mostra solo una piccola parte delle capacità di Inkscape. Aaron started writing with Vectortuts+ in 2013 with a focus on the free vector software, Inkscape. This is a very easy to follow tutorial that guides you through creating this lovely paper note with a beautiful design. Another Introduction… slightly more advanced. Only difference is math and /math comments. Check out the top tutorials & courses and pick the one as per your learning style: video-based, book, free, paid, for beginners, advanced, etc. There are a few programs we use here at J Tech Photonics, Inc. Inkscape is a free software multimedia and graphic design tool that lets you create vectors with all the versatility and simplicity you need. Visite www. Inkscape Inkscape is a vector graphics editor application. If something isn't already documented in a tutorial, write up a description of how to use it. Enough talk, just fire up your linux box and start your lovely inkscape program, then. More document memory is now freed when documents are closed. Inkscape Tutorial. Discover everything Scribd has to offer, including books and audiobooks from major publishers. The following is a brief overview of how we'll go about creating this design, for those of you who may be more advanced users and would like to save some time. Once you are satisfied with what you have done, submit it. Let's go over some of the best Inkscape tutorials and. Download Inkscape 0. Setting Up Inkscape. 5mm in stroke weight. This tutorial is suitable for Inkscape version 0. The focus is on simplicity and an easy approach to allow those readers considering themselves “artistically challenge” to create assets of their own with relative ease. Designs done on Inkscape can be exported in different formats, and the software can be used on Windows, Mac, and Linux. I am using Inkscape v. Tutorials, advice, tips & how-to information on Laser Cutting. @ Step By Step Trebuchet Plans Inkscape Tutorials For Beginners For Beginners And Advanced From Experts | Step By Step Free Download PDF 150 Premium Woodworking Videos. Vector is a two dimensional platform game that can be summed up as a perfect mix of Canalt and Mirrors edge, perfectly adapted for touch screens. @ Made Easy Trebuchet Plans Inkscape Tutorials German For Beginners And Advanced From Experts | Lifetime Access Free Download PDF Easy Woodworking at Home. 4 Version of this port present on the latest quarterly branch. Advanced rotation in Inkscape by John LeMasney via lemasney. com/course/advance. Using Advanced Groups To Avoid Combining Paths On. Inkscape Resources, Inkscape Keyboard Layout v. Well worth a look for intermediate and advanced Inkscape users. For more tips, you also can see Basic Tutorial or Advanced Tutorial. 47 can be used to create simple fractal images using the Lindenmeyer system (L-system) extension included with Inkscape. This teaching faculty exploit you apace familar with the most tools and features of Inkscape, so you can signal creating agent graphics for your photo and digital projects. Once you are satisfied with what you have done, submit it. Create clipart. 6-Oct-2019 : Trebuchet Plans Inkscape Tutorials Video. In this tutorial, you will learn how to correctly locate and select objects using the Selection tools, as well as protect objects by hiding and locking. @ Easy To Follow Making Scroll Saw Patterns With Inkscape Tutorial For Beginners And Advanced From Experts | Step By Step Free Download PDF Woodworking Plans Offer Now. I am having trouble getting P ath D ifference to work. Reviewer-- Ryanlerch; Notes "The snap angle can be changed in Inkscape Preferences (the Steps tab).